Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (15 September 1876 – 16 January 1938), also known as Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, was a well-known Bengali novelist, and short-story writer in South Asia. Many of his novels have been translated into the major languages of India. And about fifty films have been made in different languages in the Indian subcontinent around his literary work. Among them, the novel ‘Devdas‘ has been made eight times in Bengali, Hindi, and Telugu. The majority of his works are concerned with the village people’s lifestyles, tragedies, and struggles, as well as contemporary social activities in Bengal. He is the most translated, adapted, and popular Indian author of all time.
Sarat Chandra’s major novels include Boro Didi (1913), Parineeta (1914), Palli Samaj (1917), Devdas (1917), Charitraheen (1917), Srikanto (1917-1933), Datta (1918), Grihadaha (1920), Pather Dabi (1926), Biraj Bou, and Shesh Proshno (1931). His novel Pather Dabi was banned by the British Government because of its revolutionary theme.
There have also some posthumous publications by Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, including Chelebelar Golpo, Shuvoda (1938), Sheser Parichay (1939), Sharat Chandra Granthabali (1948), and Sharat Chandra Oprokashito Rachanabali (1951). He also wrote three essays, Narir Mulya, Swadesh O Sahitya, and Toruner Bidroho.
Some popular Stories of Sarat Chandra are Abhagir Swarga, Anupamar Prem, Anuradha, Bilashi, Bindur Chhele, Ramer Shumoti, (Ram’s Good Sense), Cheledhora, Ekadoshi Bairagi, Kashinath, Lalu (parts 1, 2, and 3), Mamlar Fol, Mandir, Mahesh, Mejdidi, Bochor Panchash Purber Ekti Kahini, Sati, Swami etc. Bijoya, Rama, Shoroshi are the plays of Sharat Chandra. Srikanto is the autobiography of sarat chandra chattopadhyay.
Calcutta University awarded him the Jagattarini Gold Medal in 1923. He also received the ‘D. lit’ from Dhaka University in 1936. Sarat Chandra breathed his last on January 12, 1938, at 10 am.